Xu Lu, Ph.D.


Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering


Building 5, lev. 4, 4337

Research Interests

Professor Lu's group focuses on reactor and material engineering for water electrolysis and electrochemical CO2 conversion. He is also interested in hydrogen fuel cell, seawater electrolysis, and in-situ flow/material characterizations.

Selected Publications

  • In situ observation of the pH gradient near the gas diffusion electrode of CO2 reduction in alkaline electrolyte
    X. Lu, C. Zhu, Z. Wu, J. Xuan, J. S. Francisco*, and H. Wang*
    Journal of the American Chemical Society, 142.36, 15438-15444, 2020
  • Acid-base interaction enhancing oxygen tolerance in electrocatalytic carbon dioxide reduction
    P. Li, X. Lu*, Z. Wu, Y. Wu, R. Malpass-Evans, N. B. McKeown, X. Sun*, and H. Wang*
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 59.27, 10918-10923, 2020
  • An integrated CO2 electrolyzer and formate fuel cell enabled by a reversibly restructuring Pb‐Pd bimetallic catalyst
    X. Lu, Y. Wu, X. Yuan, and H. Wang*
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 58.12 (2019) 4031-4035
  • Domino electroreduction of CO2 to methanol on a molecular catalyst
    Y. Wu, Z. Jiang, X. Lu, Y. Liang*, and H. Wang*
    Nature, 575.7784, 639-642, 2019
  • A bio-inspired O2-tolerant catalytic CO2 reduction electrode
    X. Lu, Z. Jiang, X. Yuan, Y. Wu, R. M.-Evans, Y. Zhong, Y. Liang*, N. B. McKeown*, and H. Wang*
    Science Bulletin, 64.24, 1890-1895, 2019 
  • High-performance electrochemical CO2 reduction cells based on non-noble metal catalysts
    X. Lu, Y. Wu, X. Yuan, L. Huang, Z. Wu, J. Xuan, Y. Wang, and H. Wang*
    ACS Energy Letters, 3.10, 2527-2532, 2018
  • A counter-flow-based dual-electrolyte protocol for multiple electrochemical applications
    X. Lu, Y. Wang, D. Y. C. Leung*, J. Xuan*, and H. Wang
    Applied Energy, 217, 241-248, 2018
  • A switchable pH-differential unitized regenerative fuel cell with high performance
    X. Lu, J. Xuan, D. Y. C. Leung*, H. Zou, J. Li, H. Wang, and H. Wang*
    Journal of Power Sources, 314: 76-84, 2016
  • A pH-differential dual-electrolyte microfluidic electrochemical cells for CO2 utilization
    X. Lu, D. Y. C. Leung*, H. Wang, M. M. Maroto-Valer, and J. Xuan
    Renewable Energy, 95, 277-285, 2016
  • Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide to formic acid
    X. Lu, D. Y. C. Leung*, H. Wang, M. K. H. Leung, and J. Xuan
    1.5, 836-849, 2014


  • 2017: Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, University of Hong Kong
  • 2013: MSc, Mechanical Engineering, University of Hong Kong
  • 2012: BEng, Mechanical Engineering, University of Hong Kong

Professional Profile

  • 2020-present: Assistant Professor, KAUST, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
  • 2017-2020: Postdoctoral Fellow, Yale University, USA


  • Senior Reviewer Award - The IAFOR International Conference
  • Best Papers Award - 9th International Conference on Applied Energy
  • Croucher Fellowship for Postdoctoral Research - Hong Kong Croucher Foundation
  • Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions Seal of Excellence 2018

KAUST Affiliations

  • Clean Combustion Research Center (CCRC)
  • Division of Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE)

Research Interests Keywords

electrochemistry CO2 Conversion Water Electrolysis Reactor In-situ characterization