Cavity-enhanced absorption sensor for carbon monoxide in a rapid compression machine
E.F. Nasir, A. Farooq
Proc. Combust. Inst., 37 (2), pp. 1297-1304, (2019)
Rapid compression machine, Cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy, Carbon monoxide, Low-temperature heat releasen-heptane
A sensor based on cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy (CEAS) was implemented for the first time in a rapid compression machine (RCM) for carbon monoxide concentration measurements. The sensor consisted of a pulsed quantum cascade laser (QCL) coupled to a low-finesse cavity in the RCM using an off-axis alignment. The QCL was tuned near 4.89 µm to probe the P(23) ro-vibrational line of CO. The pulsed mode operation resulted in rapid frequency down-chirp (6.52 cm−1/µs) within the pulse as well as a high time resolution (10 µs). The combination of rapid frequency down-chirp and off-axis cavity alignment enabled a near complete suppression of the cavity coupling noise. A CEAS gain factor of 133 was demonstrated in experiments, resulting in a much lower noise-equivalent detection limit than a single-pass arrangement. The sensor thus presents many opportunities for measuring CO formation at low temperatures and for studying kinetics using dilute reactive environments; one such application is demonstrated in this work using dilute n-heptane/air mixtures in the RCM. The formation of CO during first-stage ignition of n-heptane was measured over 802–899 K at a nominal pressure of 10 bar. These conditions correspond to the NTC region of n-heptane and such results provide useful metrics to test and compare the predictions of low-temperature heat release by different kinetic models.
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