Infrared cross-sections and absolute band intensities of propylene: тemperature dependent studies

E. Essebbar, M. Alrefae, A. Farooq
Journal Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 133, pp. 559-569, (2014)

Infrared cross-sections and absolute band intensities of propylene: тemperature dependent studies

Keywords

Propylene , Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR)

Abstract

​Propylene, a by-product of biomass burning, thermal cracking of hydrocarbons and incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, is a ubiquitous molecule found in the environment and atmosphere. Accurate infrared (IR) cross-sections and integrated band intensities of propylene are essential for quantitative measurements and atmospheric modeling. We measured absolute IR cross-sections of propylene using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy over the wavenumber range of 400–6500 cm−1 and at gas temperatures between 296 and 460 K. We recorded these spectra at spectral resolutions ranging from 0.08 to 0.5 cm−1 and measured the integrated band intensities for a number of vibrational bands in certain spectral regions. We then compared the integrated band intensities measured at room temperature with values derived from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) databases. Our results agreed well with the results reported in the two databases with a maximum deviation of about 4%. The peak cross-sections for the primary bands decreased by about 20–54% when the temperature increased from 296 to 460 K. Moreover, we determined the integrated band intensities as a function of temperature for certain features in various spectral regions; we found no significant temperature dependence over the range of temperatures considered here. We also studied the effect of temperature on absorption cross-section using a Difference Frequency Generation (DFG) laser system. We compared the DFG results with those obtained from the FTIR study at certain wavenumbers over the 2850–2975 cm−1 range and found a reasonable agreement with less than 10% discrepancy.

Code

DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2013.09.019

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