Absorption cross-section measurements methane, ethane, ethylene and methanol at high temperatures

M. Alrefae, E. Essebbar, A. Farooq
Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy, 303, 8-14, (2014)

Absorption cross-section measurements methane, ethane, ethylene and methanol at high temperatures

Keywords

Methane, Ethane, Ethylene, Methanol, Absorption cross-section, FTIR, HeNe laser

Abstract

Mid-IR absorption cross-sections are measured for methane, ethane, ethylene and methanol over 2800–3400 cm−1 (2.9–3.6 μm) spectral region. Measurements are carried out using a Fourier-Transform-Infrared (FTIR) spectrometer with temperatures ranging 296–1100 K and pressures near atmospheric. As temperature increases, the peak cross-sections decrease but the wings of the bands increase as higher rotational lines appear. Integrated band intensity is also calculated over the measured spectral region and is found to be a very weak function of temperature. The absorption cross-sections of the relatively small fuels studied here show dependence on the bath gas. This effect is investigated by studying the variation of absorption cross-sections at 3.392 μm using a HeNe laser in mixtures of fuel and nitrogen, argon, or helium. Mixtures of fuel with He have the highest value of absorption cross-sections followed by Ar and N2. Molecules with narrow absorption lines, such as methane and methanol, show strong dependence on bath gas than molecules with relatively broader absorption features i.e. ethane and ethylene.


Code

DOI:10.1016/j.jms.2014.06.007

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